Élaboration d’une intervention infirmière suivant une approche basée sur la théorie et les données empiriques pour promouvoir les interactions empreintes de sensibilité maternelle à l’unité de soins intensifs néonatals

Contenu principal de l'article

Andréane Lavallée
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5702-3084
Marilyn Aita
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6197-8796
José Côté
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0617-2861
Linda Bell
Bénédicte Grou
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3390-5546

Résumé

Introduction : La relation mère-enfant, dont les interactions empreintes de sensibilité maternelle en sont l’un des principaux prédicteurs, figure parmi les facteurs pouvant améliorer le développement des nouveau-nés prématurés. En raison de l’immaturité des nouveau-nés prématurés, les interactions mère-enfant précoces et la sensibilité maternelle sont à risque de se développer de façon sous-optimale. Les résultats d’une revue systématique ont montré que les données actuelles sur l’efficacité des interventions parent-enfant favorisant la sensibilité parentale dès l’hospitalisation à l’unité de soins intensifs néonatals (USIN) sont de faible à très faible qualité.


Objectif : L’objectif de cet article est de rapporter le processus de développement d’une nouvelle intervention infirmière, en utilisant une approche basée sur la théorie et les données empiriques, pour améliorer la sensibilité maternelle et le développement neurologique des nouveau-nés prématurés à l’USIN.


Méthodes : Les lignes directrices du Medical Research Council pour le développement et l’évaluation d’interventions complexes en santé ont été utilisées. Ainsi, trois principales étapes ont été suivies : 1- Identification des preuves empiriques existantes ; 2- Identification et développement théorique ; 3- Modélisation des processus et des résultats.


Résultats : Nous avons développé une intervention de participation guidée pour que les mères participent aux soins et au positionnement de leur nouveau-né prématuré : GP_Posit (ou Guided Participation of mothers to the Positioning of their preterm infant). GP_Posit est basée sur la théorie de l’attachement, la théorie de la participation guidée ainsi que la théorie synactive du développement.


Conclusion : Cette intervention est mise à l’essai dans un essai contrôlé randomisé pilote (NCT03677752).

Renseignements sur l'article

Rubrique
Articles de méthodologie et discussion théorique

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